Intrinsic Value Investment Philosophy
We believe Price to Intrinsic Value is the most effective fundamental calculation available to determine the true valuation of a stock. We believe investing in stocks with attractive valuation, improving fundamentals and market acceptance of those characteristics increases the probability of outperformance. Combining them in a comprehensive, disciplined process with risk controls should result in a portfolio that consistently outperforms the benchmarks over full market cycles with less volatility.
This calculation has been used by the Intrinsic Value team since 1986 and is used in the management of our Domestic, International and Opportunity products. All of our products focus on an experienced group of portfolio managers buying stocks with attractive valuations in the expectation of realizing that value because of fundamental developments and better market acceptance. Price to Intrinsic Value measures the price a private market buyer would be willing to pay for a given stock, and has been proven to work both in the stock market and in merger and acquisition valuations. Simply put, the intrinsic value of a stock is the present value of all future cash flows, and it is a calculation that has been used in financial circles since the first dividend discount model was introduced in 1938. Price to intrinsic value compares the market price to the intrinsic value, and allows portfolio managers to compare companies across the full spectrum of stocks available for investment. Other valuation measures tend to have biases for or against certain groups, limiting the diversification possibilities for their portfolios.
While valuation is central to our philosophy, common sense dictates that it must be corroborated by company fundamentals and market acceptance. Valuable stocks can become value traps if a company’s fundamental prospects do not support that value, or if the market chooses to ignore the valuation and fundamentals because of some other concern. We believe the combination of good valuation factors with positive fundamental prospects and market recognition of both of those elements provides the first step of a process that allows portfolio managers to review a group of stocks with a higher probability of outperformance. Combining value, fundamental and technical disciplines is what we do in all of our products because the more indicators that point in the direction of a stock being valuable and having that value recognized, the higher your probability of outperforming the market.
Experienced management sharing a common set of core beliefs and having the ability to recognize the underlying drivers for growth and value in individual stocks are the centerpiece of our strategies. We couple this with sell disciplines based on valuation and fundamentals for all of our strategies to limit the risks inherent in stock selection. We also maintain diversification requirements in our Large Cap Intrinsic Value and International Intrinsic Value strategies to ensure it is our stock selection that is providing the most value to clients. Our Intrinsic Value Opportunity strategy is unconstrained and will allow for more sector concentration in its pursuit of value.